Anecdotal evidence against Leo XIII
Bismarck was indeed anti-Catholic due to his rejection of the doctrines of the Papal Temporal Power and Papal Infallibility. He was the first Protestant (a Lutheran) to receive papal Knighthood into the Order of Christ.
Under this anti-Catholic campaign known as Kulturkampf, the “May Laws” or Falk Laws of 1873 gave responsibility for the training and appointment of clergy to the state, which resulted in the closing of nearly half of the seminaries in Prussia by 1878. In 1887, Kulturkampf was defeated, after which time Leo XIII bestowed the highest papal honor on this unapologetic, self-professed Lutheran. Such a scandal! This alone should prompt anyone of good will to want to examine the writings of Leo XIII for heresy.
Incidentally, Bismarck was not the first Lutheran to earn high praise from Leo XIII.
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