Sunday, February 20, 2011

Leo XIII Bestowed the Supreme Order of Christ on a Heretic

Please also read:
Leo XIII taught heresy while fraudulently posing as pope
Anecdotal evidence against Leo XIII

The "Supreme Order of Christ" is the highest order of the pope. The Order of Christ, as a papal decoration, or order of merit, is also a historical survival of the right, anciently reserved to the Holy See, of admitting new members into the Portuguese order. The Order was granted to "those in the pontifical government, artists, and others, whom the pope should think deserving of reward. It is likewise given to strangers, no other condition being required, but that of professing the Catholic Religion."  Oops, I guess Leo XIII overlooked that minor detail.

Bismarck was indeed anti-Catholic due to his rejection of the doctrines of the Papal Temporal Power and Papal Infallibility. He was the first Protestant (a Lutheran) to receive papal Knighthood into the Order of Christ.

One of Otto Von Bismarck's primary political objectives as the prime minister of Prussia was to reduce the influence of the Catholic Church in Germany. He began an anti-Catholic campaign known as the Kulturkampf. In 1871, the Catholic Department of the Prussian Ministry of Culture was abolished. In 1872, the Jesuits were expelled from Germany. More severe anti-Roman Catholic laws of 1873 allowed the government to supervise the education of the Roman Catholic clergy, and curtailed the disciplinary powers of the Church. In 1875, civil ceremonies were required for weddings.

Under this anti-Catholic campaign known as Kulturkampf, the “May Laws” or Falk Laws of 1873 gave responsibility for the training and appointment of clergy to the state, which resulted in the closing of nearly half of the seminaries in Prussia by 1878.  In 1887, Kulturkampf was defeated, after which time Leo XIII bestowed the highest papal honor on this unapologetic, self-professed Lutheran.  Such a scandal!  This alone should prompt anyone of good will to want to examine the writings of Leo XIII for heresy.

Incidentally, Bismarck was not the first Lutheran to earn high praise from Leo XIII.

Star and Badge of the Supreme Order of Christ
Bismarck, Sir Charles Grant Robertson, H. Holt and Company, 1919, pp. 386, 470.
Classic Encyclopedia, Prince Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck

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