It was generally believed that modern Freemasonry was created in 1717 when its Grand Lodge of England was established. It was also generally believed that it was Dr. James Anderson who wrote its "New Constitutions." (See, for instance, Paul A. Fisher, Behind the Lodge Door, Shield Publishing, Inc., P.O.Box 90181, Washington D.C.20090, p. 24). It is true that the new name was adopted in 1717, but the real founder of Freemasonry is not Anderson. Moreover, few people, including most of its members, know that its origin is 2000 years old. Indeed, as far as we know, none of the current books on Freemasonry traces Freemasonry to its true origin. Masonry was founded by King Herod Agrippa at the suggestion of Hiram Abiud, with the consent of Moab Levy, Adoniram, Johanan, Jacob Abdon, Antipas, Solomon Aberon, and Ashad Abia in the year 43. The original name was the "Mysterious Force." All its founders belonged to Judaism. In this article, we are going to present a true history based on the priceless manuscript written in Hebrew containing minutes of the meetings of the original founders of Masonry.
The following sections on Masonry are based on the English translation of the original manuscript written in Hebrew of the History of Masonry. The History was transmitted from the nine founders only to the direct descendants of these founders. One of the original Hebrew copies was passed from Moab Levy, a founder, to Joseph Levy in 17th century. However, Joseph Levy's copy was robbed by Desaguliers, the founder of modern Masonry, after Levy was assassinated by Desaguliers. Joseph's son Abraham Levy died of tuberculosis two years after his marriage to Esther. Esther remarried to Abraham Abiud who was a direct descendant of Hiram Abiud, the real founder of the ancient Masonic Association. Abraham Abiud possessed another copy of the original manuscript. Their only female child, also named Esther, was married to Samuel Lawrence. Their son Jonas Lawrence had a son Samuel by his first wife but later married Janet a Protestant and converted to Protestantism. This only manuscript was passed on to Jonas who expressed his desire to publish it. But Jonas was assassinated for his conversion and his illegal possession of the History because he was not a direct descendant of the Levy line. Jonas's will could not be carried out until his great grandson, Lawrence G. S. Lawrence born 1868, who was a Protestant, translated the History from Hebrew into English. In this translation, Mr. Lawrence -- the last Descendant of the owner of the history (the Hebrew manuscript) -- adopted the title: The Dissipation of the Darkness, the Origin of Masonry. In the following sections, we will quote extensively from the English translation of the Hebrew manuscript and the pages that contain the quotes refer to this document.
II. History of the Hebrew manuscript
Thus it is that I, Lawrence, son of George, son of Samuel, son of Jonas, son of Samuel Lawrence, of Russian origin, the last descendant of the descendants of one of the owners of this History, say:
I inherited from my father a manuscript composed by our ancestors in the Hebrew language and translated by one of them to Russian language. Another of them translated it to English. (p. 18).
Our ancestor, Jonas, introduced in the manuscript a series of events; this History, thus, being produced by him and his ancestors. Jonas arranged it and divided it into two sections. He wanted to publish it, but various obstacles impeded it: health, economic means and political events. He and his wife, Janet, conceived the idea of the publication of this History; on finding themselves incapable of doing so, they commended its publication to their son, my grandfather, Samuel. Jonas died without seeing his longing fulfilled. (p. 18).
My grandfather, Samuel, the son of Jonas, who was the son of Samuel Lawrence, here addresses his words to his son, George, my father. Samuel said to his son, George:
Son: Here you see these introductions headed by a list of names. These names correspond to the successive heirs of this History since the renewal of the Association (The Mysterious Force) where it changed its name to "Freemasonry." They include: Joseph Levy. (p. 19)
Joseph Levy is one of the renewers of the association. He is a Jew and an heir of the History from his ancient ancestors who, in turn, inherited it from Moab Levy, one of the nine founders.
It was our ancestor, Joseph, who conceived the idea of changing the name of the association (The Mysterious Force) to Freemasonry and of reforming the statutes.
Here you have the details: He was sent to to London with his son, Abraham, and a friend named Abraham Abiud, all Jews, descendants of the heirs of the History and very well financed. They had made efforts to enter another city and, not having success, they headed for London. There they met two influential and knowledgeable persons who served as suitable elements to accomplish their purposes. They are:
John Desaguliers and a companion called George (last name unknown to manuscript owner). (p. 19)
After having strengthened the friendship among themselves, Joseph Levy revealed the name of the association, "The Mysterious Force," and related to his two friends, in synthesis and with discretion, some parts of the History, concealing its fundamental secrets. He also made it known to them that for a long time it was inactive, almost dead, needing for its renewal the change of name and the reform of the statutes in such a way that the new statutes and the changed name might attract many members. Thus it would grow. (p. 19)
With eloquence and cleverness, Joseph Levy succeeded in convincing his two friends, Desaguliers and George, of the necessity of reviving the association. Having achieved this initial success, they separated on condition that they would meet again, each one of them bringing three names appropriate for the new association, from which the specific name would come. The next meeting was held ten days later. Each one presented his names, the one approved being one of those proposed by Joseph Levy: FREEMASONRY. It was August 25, 1716. (p. 20)
Abraham, son of Joseph Levy, who had witnessed the two sessions, said:
This name had preference over the others for two reasons. First, because it is the same name that some Italian architects adopted in the 13th century (Freemasons). And second, because it was a suitable expression of the ancient signs and symbols used in the association, The Mysterious Force; symbols that pertained to construction and to architecture, proposed by Hiram Abiud, one of the founders, for the purpose of concealing the origin of the Association, attributing it to epochs prior to Jesus. (p. 20)
Desaguliers approved the words of my father, adding:
"In the third place, present-day architects and builders have associations, syndicates ond lodges where they gather to fortify and dignify their profession. With this name then, we can gather, all in a single association without anyone's knowing our purposes. And fourth, these two terms,' Masonry,' (construction) and 'Mason' are encountered since antiquity, will be a thick veil over the secret of the origin of the foundation; and, besides, without doubt, they will increase the prestige of the Association." (p. 20)
Our ancestor, Abraham Levy, before his death, added:
"Desaguliers specified that those people who joined the lodges before 1717 in London were masons, in the sense that they were engineers, architects, builders, apprentices, but they had no connection with the Association, The Mysterious Force, that began true Masonry." (p. 20)
For that purpose five men met: Levy, Desaguliers, and the companions mentioned above and they approved the addition of the term, "Free," thus unequivocally concealing the date of its foundation from the rest of the people in general and the members and associates in particular. (pp. 20-21)
John Desaguliers and his companion began to demand that Levy show him the History. Levy had made it known to them that it was translated into English, that three of the inherited manuscripts had been lost recently, four had been lost long ago, and there remained only his manuscript and one other ( Note: the other is the manuscript of Abraham Abiud. It is the one whose translation we have on hand). Such declarations excited Desaguliers and George extremely, the reason why they insisted on the need for a suitable copy so that with said copy it would be much easier for them to form the new statute. They showed themselves so faithful to the principles, desires and doctrines of Levy that they succeeded in convincing him to deliver a copy to them. It was delivered to them. A time passed during which they read it. (p. 21)
The five met again and decided to summon some friends on the pretext of establishing a "Unitive Association." The true purpose was the renewal of the Association, the Mysterious Force, its resurrection with the new name agreed upon by the five and the restoration of the first Principal Lodge (Jerusalem). Thus Levy wanted it. (p. 21)
On March 10, 1717 they invited several architects and acquaintances. The invited were presided over by a wise man named Dr. James Anderson, who was a friend of Desaguliers. After lengthy discussions they reached an accord and designated June 24, 1717, to realize a great meeting. (p. 21)
Meanwhile Levy was preparing his son, Abraham, for the great events of the future. Days later Abraham Levy journeyed to Portugal accompanied by Abraham Abiud, his relative. The latter is the descendant of Hiram Abiud, one of the founders, and owner of this copy. (p. 21-22)
Between March 10 and June 24 a great conflict was begun between Levy and Desaguliers and George because of their refusal to return the copy. In the June 24 meeting, the majority were on the side of Desaguliers and Anderson; as a result both conspired against Levy, assassinating and robbing his papers including the aforementioned English copy and the Hebrew copy. (p. 22)
On the June 24, 1717 meeting, they agreed on creating the Grand Lodge of England.
Here it is necessary to mention the names of the successive heirs of this History, from our ancestor, Joseph Levy, the renewer of the Association, down to me, Lawrence.
Joseph Levy was the son of Nathan, who was the son of Abraham, Abraham the son of Jacob, Jacob the son of Nathan, Nathan the son of Jacob, who was the son of Isaac, who was the son of Moab, Moab the son of Rafael, etc., etc. back to Moab Levy, the first ancestor and one of the Nine Founders of the Association, the Mysterious Force. (p. 22-23)
1. Joseph Levy, Jew, 1665-1717
2. Abraham, son of Joseph Levy, Jew, 1685 - 1718
3. Nathan, son of Abraham Levy, Jew, 1717 - 1810
4. Esther, daughter of Nathan Levy, Jew, 1753 - 1793
5. Samuel Lawrence, her husband, Jew, 1742 - 1795
6. Jonas (son of Samuel and Esther), converted to Protestantism with the name of James, 1775 - 1825
7. Janet, daughter of John Lincoln, Protestant, 1785 - 1854
8. Samuel, son of Jonas and Janet (Stepmother), Protestant, 1807 - 1883
9. George, son of Samuel Lawrence, Protestant, 1840 - 1884. (p. 23)
Desaguliers, born March 12, 1683 and died in the year 1742, was the only man who distinguished himself by his fervent zeal in the revitalization of the Association in the beginning of the 18th century. He merited the title of "Father of the New Masonry." The existence of the grand Lodge of England is due to his effort alone. (P. 41)
Notwithstanding the indication of the name of Anderson as the one who established the first edition of the fundamental statutes of the new Masonry, its forger and original observer was Desaguliers. If Anderson composed it, it was Desaguliers who believed it and dictated the fundamental themes and basic ideas. (p. 41)